Swelling of the Gums in Dogs

The medical term for enlarged gums in dogs is gingival hyperplasia. It involves a dog’s gum tissue becoming inflamed and enlarged. It can affect any breed of dog. Below, a Dunedin veterinarian tells you about the cause, symptoms, and treatment for swelled gums.


Plaque buildup and bacteria along the gums is the most common cause of inflammation and enlargement. If plaque is left unchecked, periodontal disease can develop which can event affect the bones supporting the teeth. Ask your Dunedin veterinarian about preventing excess plaque buildup in your dog’s mouth.


The obvious symptom is the swelling itself—the gums may appear thicker and higher in relation to the teeth. You may also notice redness, pockets developing in the gum line, or even tissue mass formations along the gums. Set up an appointment with your Dunedin veterinarian immediately if you notice any of these symptoms.


Your Dunedin vet will need to examine your pooch’s mouth to officially diagnose gum enlargement. X-rays may also be necessary.

For less severe cases, a routine dental cleaning along with antibiotics to reduce swelling should return your dog’s mouth to normal. In severe cases, though, deep cleaning and surgical repair might be necessary to return your dog’s gums to their original alignment. If periodontal disease has developed, your veterinarian will have to treat that as necessary as well. Ask your Dunedin veterinary professional about these options in the even that your dog has advanced gingival hyperplasia.

Routine dental cleaning and veterinary check-ups are the best way to prevent gum enlargement entirely. Ask your Dunedin vet about brushing your dog’s teeth and other methods for keeping his mouth healthy. Certain foods and treats can even help with cleaning the teeth. Preventing plaque buildup and bacteria should prevent almost all cases of gum enlargement, keeping your dog healthy and smiling!


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